The Group financial statements are prepared on the basis of accounting and valuation policies that are applied uniformly throughout the Group. The accounting and valuation principles have been retained unchanged compared to the previous year.
Assets and liabilities have been valued at historical acquisition/production cost, with the exception of financial instruments classified as “financial asset or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss” and derivatives, which have been included at their fair value.
Assumptions and Estimations.
In compiling the Group financial statements, assumptions have been made and estimates used, which have affected the value and reporting of capitalized assets and liabilities, of income and expenses, and of contingent liabilities.
The assumptions mainly relate to the Group-wide setting of standard economic utilization periods of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment, and to the valuation of inventories.
Estimates have a material influence on the determination of discounted cash flows used for impairment testing, the valuation of inventories, accruals for pensions and similar commitments, and other accruals, as well as the ability of future tax benefits to be realized.
Estimates are based on historical experience and other assumptions that are considered valid at the balance sheet date and reasonable under given circumstances. The underlying future business development is the one for which the highest probability can be assumed. Additionally, the development of the retail and banking industry as well as of the business environment has been accounted for. The estimates and the underlying assumptions are continuously verified. The actual values may vary in individual instances from the assumptions and estimates made if the general conditions unfold in contrast to the expectations at the balance sheet date. Changes are incorporated, with a corresponding effect on profit, once improved knowledge is obtained.
In compiling the Group Financial Statements the following material judgements have been made in the process of applying accounting policies:
- Accounting for interests in joint ventures using the equity method in accordance with IAS 31.38
- Recognition of actuarial gains and losses in equity without any impact on profit or loss according to IAS 19.93A
- Accounting for cash flow (Glossary) hedges
Net sales from the delivery of goods are recognized as soon as the entity has transferred to the customer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods. Within this context, the entity retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership, nor effective control over the goods sold. The amount of revenue can be measured reliably, and it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the enterprise. No net sales are recognized if there are significant uncertainties regarding recovery of the consideration due or the possible return of goods. Net sales are recognized net of applicable provisions for discounts and allowances.
If the sale of products includes a determinable amount for subsequent services (multiple-component contracts), the related revenues are deferred and recognized as income over the period of the contract. Amounts are normally recognized as income according to the service provision.
Net sales from services are recognized when the service is rendered, insofar as the amount of revenue can be measured reliably and it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the enterprise. In the case of maintenance agreements, net sales are recognized in principle on a straight-line basis over the contract terms.
Net sales are generally stated net of sales taxes, other taxes, and sales deductions as discounts and allowances at the fair value of the consideration received or to be received.
Income from operating leases and finance leases is recognized based on the provisions of IAS 17.
Cost of Sales.
The cost of sales includes costs of the sale of products and services as well as purchase costs of the sale of merchandise. In addition to direct material and production costs, the cost of sales comprises overheads, including the pro-rata consumption of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment.
Research and Development Expenses.
Under IAS 38, research expenses are not to be capitalized. Development expenses have to be capitalized only if certain precise preconditions are met. Under these rules, capitalization is required wherever the development activity will, with an adequate degree of probability, result in future cash inflows, which will cover the relevant development expenses in addition to normal costs. Moreover, certain criteria of IAS 38.57 must also be met cumulatively, in terms of the product to be developed or the project or process to be developed.
These preconditions are not met in the Group, as the nature and dimension of characteristic research and development risks mean that the functional and commercial risk inherent in the products under development can, as a rule, only be estimated with sufficient reliability when
- development of the relevant products or processes has been completed,
- and post-development sales and marketing activities conducted during the pre-marketing stage (marketing and sale as a trial product) have proven that the products meet the technical and commercial requirements posed by the market.
Inside of the Group, a major part of research and development expenses concerns enhancements and improvements of already existing products, which do not comply with the criteria of IAS 38 for separate capitalization. Since single development projects are often subject to approval and certification procedures, the conditions for the capitalization of costs incurred before receipt of approvals are not normally satisfied.
Borrowing costs are expensed as incurred unless they are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction, or production of a qualifying asset and therefore are part of the cost of that asset.
Government grants are recognized only if there is a reasonable assurance that the associated conditions will be met and the grants will be received. Basically, grants related to assets are reported as a reduction of cost of the assets concerned with a corresponding reduction of depreciation (Glossary) and amortization in subsequent periods. Grants related to income (e.g., grants from the Federal Employment Agency) are stated as a reduction of the corresponding expenses in the periods in which the expenses the grant is intended to compensate are incurred. During the year under review, government grants related to income came to €1,339k (2009/2010: €1,700k) and are reported in principle in the Group income statement under functional costs (cost of sales, research and development expenses, and selling, general and administration expenses).
Income Taxes comprise both ongoing and deferred taxes (Glossary) . Taxes are recorded in the Group income statement unless they refer to items directly recorded under shareholders’ equity, in which case the corresponding taxes are also entered under shareholders’ equity without any effect upon profit.
Ongoing income taxes are taxes expected to be payable for the year, on the basis of tax rates valid in the year in question, plus any tax corrections for previous years.
Deferred taxes are reported in respect of temporary differences between the values, for tax purposes, of assets and liabilities and their values in the Group financial statements. In addition, deferred tax assets in respect of the future utilization of tax losses carried forward are shown. Deferred tax assets on temporary differences and tax losses carried forward are recognized to the extent that it is probable that sufficient taxable income will be available in order to use them. The deferred taxes are shown at the rates of tax that will be effective under applicable law at the time at which the temporary differences are predicted to turn around, or at which the tax losses carried forward can probably be used.
Offsetting of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities is performed if the positions are related to income taxes, which are levied by the same tax authorities, for which the Group has a right to set off the recognized amounts and which arise for the same companies or within the same tax group, respectively.
The remaining taxes, such as property and energy taxes, are included in the functional cost items.
Intangible assets are accounted for at cost and, as the useful lives are, with the exception of goodwill, finite, amortized in a scheduled manner in equal annual amounts over the relevant utilization period. Intangible assets are written down if there are indications of impairment (see “Impairment”) and if the recoverable amount is lower than amortized costs. The write-downs are reversed with effect on profit, if the reasons for the impairment losses no longer apply, to the maximum of amortized costs.
The amortization period for commercial patents and licenses is a maximum of five years.
The amortization as well as impairment losses of other intangible assets are included in the Group income statement under the various functional cost headings (cost of sales, research and development expenses, and selling, general and administration expenses).
As in the previous year, there were no reversals of impairment losses on intangible assets. No borrowing costs were recognized as a cost component of intangible assets during the year under report.
According to IFRS 3, goodwill is not amortized on a scheduled basis, only if a need for impairment loss exists. A recorded impairment loss on goodwill may not be reversed in subsequent periods.
Property, Plant and Equipment.
Property, plant and equipment are valued at cost of acquisition or production, less scheduled depreciation and impairment losses. They were not revalued in accordance with the option under IAS 16.
Items of property, plant and equipment are written down if there are indications of impairment (see “Impairment”) and the recoverable amount is less than amortized costs. The write-downs are reversed, if the reasons for the impairment losses no longer apply, to the maximum of amortized costs.
The cost of acquisition comprises the acquisition price, ancillary costs, and subsequent acquisition costs, less any reduction received on the acquisition price. Production costs include direct costs as well as proportionate indirect costs.
Business and factory premises are amortized over a maximum of 50 years, plant and machinery over an average of ten years, other fixed assets and office equipment mainly over five years, and products leased to customers as per the terms of the relevant contract. Property, plant and equipment are mainly depreciated using the straight-line method, in accordance with economic utilization. If parts of single assets have different useful lives, they are separately depreciated on a scheduled basis.
The depreciation of the fiscal year as well as impairment losses are included in the Group income statement under the various functional cost headings (cost of sales, research and development expenses, and selling, general and administration expenses).
Expenses for the repair of property, plant and equipment, such as ongoing maintenance costs, are normally recognized in income. The cost of acquisition or construction is capitalized if a repair will result in future economic benefits.
As in the previous year, there were no reversals of impairment losses on property, plant and equipment. No borrowing costs were recognized as a cost component of property, plant and equipment during the year under review.
With the exception of inventories (see “Reworkable Service (Glossary) Parts and Current Inventories”), deferred tax assets (see “Taxes”) as well as financial assets (see “Financial Instruments”), the book values of assets held by the Group are checked on the balance sheet date for indicators favoring impairment. Where such indicators exist, the settlement value of the assets (recoverable amount) is estimated and where necessary devaluation is made with a corresponding charge to the Group income statement.
According to IAS 36, goodwill is tested for impairment annually, or if an indication for impairment exists, by the execution of an impairment test. In doing so, the book value of a cash-generating unit is compared with the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount of a cash-generating unit is the greater of the two figures “fair value less costs to sell” and “value in use.” If the recoverable amount of a cash-generating unit is lower than its book value, at first a goodwill impairment loss is recorded in the amount of the difference. In the case of Wincor Nixdorf, the recoverable amount equals the value in use, which is determined by the discounted cash flow method. The basis for the determination of future cash flows is data from the detailed Group planning for the periods until 2013/2014. The assumptive continual growth of 0 to 1.5% (2009/2010: 1 to 1.5%) for perpetuity complies with the general expectation of the business development. The present value of expected cash flows is calculated by discounting the free cash flows, with an interest rate before taxes between 5.9 and 9.8% (2009/2010: 5.4 to 9.0%) resembling the referring rate of return of the business units. As of September 30, 2011, no impairment is necessary.
The Retail and Banking business carved out of the Siemens Group as of October 1, 1999, is separated in cash-generating units according to regional segmentation. The relevant goodwill is fully assigned to the cash-generating unit “Carve-out Europe.” All of the following acquisitions are treated individually as independent business units (cash-generating units) according to IFRS 3/IAS 36. The book values of material goodwill allocated to cash generating units “Carve-out Europe” and “France” amount to €291,887k (2009/2010: €291,681k) and €22,317k (2009/2010: €22,317k), respectively.
A lease is an agreement whereby the lessor assigns to the lessee the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time in return for a payment or series of payments. Leases are classified as either finance or operating leases. Leasing transactions that transfer substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of the leased asset to the lessee are classified as finance leases. All other leasing agreements are classified as operating leases.
Where Wincor Nixdorf is the lessor in an operating lease, the lease payments received are recognized in income. The leased asset remains on the balance sheet of the lessor.
Where Wincor Nixdorf is the lessee in an operating lease, the lease payments are expensed.
Where Wincor Nixdorf is the lessor in a finance lease, the net investment in the lease is reflected in sales and a leasing receivable is recognized. The lease payments received are divided into the principal portion and the interest income using the effective-interest method.
Where Wincor Nixdorf is the lessee in a finance lease, the leased asset is capitalized at the lower of the fair value or present value of the minimum lease payments at the beginning of the lease term, and simultaneously recognized under financial liabilities. The minimum lease payments essentially comprise financing costs and the principal portion of the remaining obligation. The leased asset is depreciated by the straight-line method over the estimated useful life or the shorter lease term. The lease payments to be made are divided into the principal portion and the interest expense using the effective-interest method.
Reworkable Service Parts and Current Inventories.
Reworkable service parts and current inventories are valued at purchase or production cost, or at lower net realizable value.
The purchase cost of reworkable service parts, raw materials, supplies and merchandise is calculated using the average valuation method.
In accordance with IAS 2 “Inventories,” pro-rata material costs and production overheads (assuming normal utilization), including depreciation on production equipment and production-related social security costs, are included along with production material and production wages in the production cost of reworkable service parts and finished and unfinished products. Interest on loan capital is not capitalized.
Write-downs for inventory risks are undertaken to an appropriate and adequate extent. Lower net realizable values are used where required. The net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale. If the reasons for a lower valuation no longer apply to inventories that have formerly been written down and the net selling price has therefore risen, the reversal of the write-down is recognized in the Group income statement as a reduction of cost of sales.
As of the balance sheet date, there were no substantial orders that would require capitalization in accordance with IAS 11 “Construction Contracts.”
Other Receivables and Liabilities.
Non-financial assets and liabilities as well as accrued items and advance payments are carried at amortized costs.
Financial assets are recognized if Wincor Nixdorf has a contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset from another party. Financial liabilities are recognized if Wincor Nixdorf has a contractual obligation to transfer cash or other financial assets to another party. Purchases and sales of financial assets are basically recognized as of the settlement date. However, purchases and sales of securities are accounted for with the settlement price and derivatives with the acquisition costs at trade date.
Financial assets and liabilities are initially measured at fair value. The carrying amount of financial instruments that are not measured at fair value through profit or loss in subsequent periods includes also the directly attributable transaction costs.
Wincor Nixdorf does not use the option to categorize financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss (Fair Value Option (FVO)) when initially recognized, with the exception of the issue described in and .
Subsequent measurement of financial instruments recognized in the Group accounts is in line with the measurement categories defined in IAS 39 “Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement”:
- Financial Asset at Fair Value through Profit or Loss (FVO and held for trading [HfT]): fair value
- Held-to-Maturity Investments (HtM): amortized costs
- Loans and Receivables (LaR): amortized costs
- Available-for-Sale Financial Assets (AfS): fair value
- Financial Liabilities (FLAC): amortized costs
There were no reclassifications between the different IAS 39 measurement categories in the year under review.
Financial assets and liabilities are reported without being offset. They are only offset when there is a legal right to do so and the enterprise intends to settle them on a net basis. The recognized carrying amount of current financial assets and liabilities is an appropriate estimate of the fair value.
In accordance with IAS 39, an impairment loss is recognized when there are substantial, objective indications of impairment of a financial asset. The carrying amounts of financial assets not carried at fair value through profit and loss are examined for impairment requirements both individually (specific allowances for impairment losses) and in groups with similar default risk profiles (specific impairment allowances calculated on a portfolio basis). Objective evidence includes, for example, considerable financial difficulty of the debtor obligor, disappearance of an active market, and significant changes in the technological, market, economic, or legal environment. A significant or prolonged decline in fair value of an equity instrument is an objective evidence of impairment. The expenses are recorded in profit and loss under the functional cost headings. Appropriate risk provisioning was recognized for all discernible risks of default. The theoretically maximum remaining risk of default of financial assets is therefore the same as their recognized carrying amounts.
Financial assets are derecognized when the contractual rights to cash flows end, or substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to another party. Financial liabilities are derecognized when the contractual obligation is settled or legally revoked.
Net gains and losses from financial instruments essentially include changes of write-downs and foreign currency valuation effects recognized in net profit on operating activities and interest income and expenses recognized in the financial result.
Investments and Investments Accounted for Using the Equity Method.
IAS 39 divides these financial instruments into the categories of “financial assets at fair value through profit or loss,” “held to maturity,” “available for sale,” or “loans and receivables.” Investments are classified as “financial assets at fair value through profit or loss” if their fair value can be measured reliably. If this is not possible, investments are categorized as “available for sale” and measured at historical costs.
Loans are credits that are classified as “loans and receivables” according to IAS 39. Measurement in subsequent periods is at amortized cost using the effective-interest rate method.
Receivables and Other Assets.
Receivables and other assets are sub-classified into “Trade Receivables” and “Other Receivables and Other Assets.”
First-time recognition of “Trade Receivables” is at fair value plus directly attributable transaction costs. Measurement in subsequent periods is at amortized cost using the effective-interest rate method due to the “loans and receivables” measurement category.
“Other Receivables and Other Assets” comprise both non-financial assets and financial assets including derivative financial instruments. With the exception of derivative financial instruments, financial assets are measured at fair value plus directly attributable transaction costs at first-time recognition. They are assigned to the “loans and receivables” category under IAS 39, and are therefore initially measured at fair value and at amortized cost using the effective-interest rate method in subsequent periods. Non-financial assets are measured in line with the respective applicable standard.
Cash and Cash Equivalents.
Cash and cash equivalents include marketable securities as well as cash in hand and cash at bank (including checks). Cash on hand and bank balances are measured at fair value plus directly attributable transaction costs at first-time recognition. They are assigned to the “loans and receivables” category under IAS 39, and are therefore measured at amortized cost in subsequent periods using the effective-interest rate method. Foreign currency stocks are valued at their mid-price on the balance sheet date. Bank balances and securities included in cash and cash equivalents have a remaining term of up to three months on acquisition.
At Wincor Nixdorf, securities are principally allocated to the categories “financial assets at fair value through profit or loss” or “available for sale.” Both categories are initially and subsequently measured at fair value. In order to determine the fair value of marketable securities at the balance sheet date, respective quotations of banks have been obtained and market prices of trading systems have been used. Changes in value of the securities classified as “financial assets at fair value through profit or loss” are recorded in finance income and finance costs. Changes in securities classified as “available for sale” are shown within equity under consideration of deferred tax effects. At the selling date, realized gains or losses are recorded in finance income or finance costs.
Primary financial instruments include financial liabilities, trade payables and non-derivative other financial liabilities. Trade payables and non-derivative other financial liabilities include amounts for outstanding invoices and deferred staff liabilities. In accordance with IAS 39, primary financial liabilities are stated at fair value at initial recognition, considering directly attributable transaction costs. Measurement in subsequent periods is at amortized cost using the effective-interest rate method.
Derivative Financial Instruments.
Derivative financial instruments of the Group comprise hedging instruments used to manage interest rates and exchange rate fluctuations. These instruments serve to reduce income volatility (Glossary) . No derivatives are held for trading purposes. Nevertheless, derivatives not meeting the requirements for cash flow hedge accounting in accordance with IAS 39, or for which the hedged item no longer exists, are classified as “held for trading.”
The scope of hedge accounting by financial derivatives comprises recognized, pending and highly probable hedged items. In accordance with IAS 39, derivatives meet the recognition criteria for assets and liabilities, as a result of which they must be capitalized (other assets) or expensed (other liabilities) at fair value.
Derivative transactions are accounted for at acquisition cost at the trading date, in general, acquisition costs of derivative transactions equal their fair values at that date. In subsequent periods, they are capitalized at their fair values. Resultant profits or losses flow through to profit for the period (Glossary) in question where the requirements for cash flow hedge accounting are not met. If hedging relationships are effective, the amounts of profit are under consideration of deferred tax effects credited (and losses charged) to equity, with no effect on accounting profit. The reclassification from equity to Group income statement takes place when the hedged item is recognized in income, or is no longer expected to occur.
Accruals for Pensions and Similar Commitments.
Accruals in respect of beneficiaries’ and pensioners’ pension obligations are created using the projected unit credit method. This method takes account not only of known pensions and known earned future pension entitlements at the balance sheet date, but also of expected future increases in pensions and salaries having estimated the relevant influencing factors.
According to IAS 19.78, the discount rate used to discount accruals for pensions and similar commitments has to be determined at each valuation date. The discount rate is based on the market yields on high-quality corporate bonds and with that at low-risk. The terms of the corporate bonds have to be consistent with the estimated terms of the obligations.
Pension expenses are recorded immediately in the relevant year’s profit for the period in the functional cost headings. Actuarial gains and losses are fully recognized in the fiscal year in which they occur. They are reported as a component of other comprehensive income in the statement of comprehensive income. They remain outside profit or loss in subsequent periods as well.
In June 2006, Wincor Nixdorf created plan assets according to IAS 19 as part of a Contractual Trust Arrangement (“CTA”), by transferring assets to a registered association (Wincor Nixdorf Pension Trust e.V.) in order to fund pension obligations to employees. Plan assets measured at fair value are netted with directly related pension obligations. A negative net obligation arising from prepaid future contributions is only recognized as an asset to the extent that a cash refund from the plan or reductions of future contributions to the plan are available (“asset ceiling”). Any exceeding amount is recognized in equity in the period when it is incurred.
Other accruals are created on the balance sheet in respect of legal or actual obligations to third parties resulting from past events, as well as for onerous contracts where the outflow of funds to settle such obligations is probable and can be estimated reliably.
Other accruals are measured in accordance with IAS 37 “Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets” or, where applicable, IAS 19 “Employee Benefits.” The values used for such accruals are based on the best estimate. Where required, accruals are stated net of unaccrued interest. Claims for reimbursements from third parties are capitalized separately if their realization is virtually certain.
Share-based Payment Transactions.
Share options, i.e., share-based payment transactions settled by the issuance of equity instruments, are measured at fair value at the grant date. The fair value of the obligation is recognized during the vesting period as a personnel expense and in equity. The fair value is obtained using the internationally recognized Black-Scholes-Merton-formula.